Conservation Of Fauna

Good Morning Kashmir Editorial
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Wildlife is under threat due to human involvement in destroying their habitats and spreading invasive species and disease. With the increasing population and urbanity, humans are moving into niches of wildlife. Moreover, the illegal wildlife trade is the fourth largest criminal industry in the world after drugs, arms and human trafficking. Introduction of invasive and non-native species is also putting 42% of endangered species at risk. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that 27000 species of the ones assessed are at a risk of extinction. A 2019 UN report on biodiversity has put this estimate even higher at a million species. It has also been witnessed that an increasing number of ecosystems on earth which contain endangered species are disappearing. Rapid urbanization has led species to develop differently from their non-urban counterparts. Global warming has also impacted wildlife significantly. Forest fires too have been decimating the mammal, primate, reptile and avifauna species for decades. To address these issues, there have been both national and international governmental efforts to preserve wildlife.

 

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Prominent conservation agreements include the 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity( CBD). Apart from the government, there are also some non- governmental organization’s who are dedicated to the same. India too with some 4.8% of the surface area under parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves, has come a long way since early 1970s when there were less than half a dozen parks in existence. With some 99 parks, 515 sanctuaries, 43 conservation reserves and four community reserves across the country today, wildlife species residing within these are comparatively safer. Every individual has a responsibility towards their environment and ecosystem and we too can take steps to contribute towards making it a better place. We can cut on pollution since there are 500 times more pieces of microplastic in the sea than the stars in our galaxy. Eight hundred million tonnes of plastic are dumped into the ocean every year causing threat to more than 600 species of marine wildlife. Public awareness and education can play a huge role. We need to be mindful of tackling increased urbanisation, rising temperatures and ecotourism which are negatively contributing to affecting wildlife.

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