port is a double-edged sword regarding effects on health. Positive effects are achieved primarily through physical activity, which is the main part of most sports but there are other secondary effects of sports which also bring health benefits, such as psychological and psychosocial development. Many of the core values inherent in sport are compatible with the principles necessary for development and peace, such as fair play, co-operation, sharing and respect. The life skills learned through sports help empower individuals and enhance psychosocial well-being, such as increased resiliency, self-esteem and connections with others. In modern history, sports has been consistently linked to the notion that it can contribute to positive social and societal development. This idea draws on assumptions that sports is suitable for promoting moral socialization, and that sport’s assumed essential goodness and purity is passed on to those who partake in it.
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Crime, for instance, is conceptualized as a social problem, so crime prevention is a concern for the welfare state, and as a result, programs that consider sport as a means of crime prevention have emerged in society. Sport activists, professionals, politicians and policy-makers express faith in sport as a means of crime prevention. When sports are highlighted as a potential means for crime prevention in the literature, the aspects which clearly emerge are Social capital, Development of personal relations, Physical diversion, Diverting of attention, Deterrence, Empowerment, Pro-social development and Reduced impulsivity. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development underlines the growing contribution of sports as a tool for peace in its promotion of tolerance and respect. It also highlights the contributions that sport can make to the empowerment of communities as a whole, to individuals (particularly women and young people) as well as to health, education and social inclusion. More specifically, sports offer an important opportunity for building life skills of at-risk youth that allow them to better cope with daily life challenges and move away from involvement in violence, crime or drug use