ome days before i.e., on 14th November, World Diabetes Day was celebrated. It is celebrated every year to spread awareness regarding the deadly disease. Diabetes is a lifestyle chronic disease occurring due to pancreas not producing enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use it resulting in an increased concentration of glucose in the blood called hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production whereas Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. In fact, it is established that diabetes mellitus is not a single disease, but a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that share glucose intolerance in common. It is currently the leading cause of new cases of blindness, kidney failure, and amputations of the feet and legs not related to accidents, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Moreover life-threatening complications such as cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, and possibly Alzheimer’s disease have been associated with this disease. The signs of the disease affect every part of the body ranging from feeling excessively thirsty to urinating a lot. It can also result in weight loss, fatigue ,losing consciousness, loss of muscle bulk and genital itching. It can even impact the psychological and emotional well being.
It is increasing at a drastic rate. The number of deaths attributed annually to diabetes is around 3.2 million. Heart disease is taking a huge toll on people with diabetes. Cardiovascular disease is responsible for between 50% and 80% of deaths in people with diabetes. Periodontal disease is the most common disease affecting those living with diabetes. It really shouldn’t be a surprise that not taking care of your body by eating poorly or electing not to exercise is the primary cause of diabetes. An estimated 700 million adults worldwide will have diabetes by 2045 according to the International Diabetes Federation. India has the second highest number of diabetes after China with 77 million people diabetic. One in six people with diabetes in the world is from India. Also, according to a survey conducted by Union Health Ministry 8.9 percent of population in Jammu and Kashmir is affected with diabetes and high blood pressure, much higher than many of the states in country. Also it is estimated 22 percent of the Srinagar population suffers from pre-diabetes which indicates a person would eventually land-up being diabetic if no medical intervention is taken immediately. Keeping blood sugar, blood pressure and blood fats under control can go a long way to reduce the risk. Stopping smoking, eating healthy, choosing physical activities and losing weight must also be ensured to prevent oneself from the lethal disease.