ell, you have heard and read about this issue a zillion and million times but, the majority of the folks seem to turn a deaf ear because we tend to oversee the repercussions. Let us begin by what biologist Paul Ehrlich says regarding the same; in his 1968 bestselling book, “The Population Bomb”, he advanced the idea of resource depletion saying: “You can’t go on growing forever on a finite planet. The biggest problem we face is the continued expansion of the human enterprise. Perpetual growth is the creed of a cancer cell.” Nature makes human development possible but our relentless demand for the earth’s resources is accelerating extinction rates and devastating the world’s ecosystems. Our current global population is 7.2 billion and growing. Earth’s total resources are only good for 2 billion people at the current demand. If we do the math, it is obvious that the result is negative.
The obvious major reasons owing to it are overpopulation, poor farming practices,logging, overconsumption of natural resources, industrial and technological development. Our demand for raw materials has increased by leaps and bounds. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) warns that the current overexploitation of natural resources is generating an enormous deficit, as 20% more than can be regenerated is consumed each year and this percentage is growing steadily. We can act as responsible and wise citizens and humans both at an individual and social level by turning around current trends through technological innovation and economic foresight. Solutions consist of more efficient urban planning,avoiding single use plastic or not using at all, driving less,the transition to renewable energy, better family planning and recycling.