Living in the 21st century has brought us close to the pressure of competition, constant stress and anxiety which have taken a toll on our hearts. For the last several decades, aging has been established as one of the biggest risk factors for heart attacks, typically affecting men and women above 50 and 65,respectively. Now, people in their 20s, 30s and 40s are more often falling victim to these cardiovascular attacks. Dietary choices such as exposure and access to ultra-processed food, weight and obesity, changes in lifestyle and decreased physical activity are some of the reasons contributing towards it. Increased screen time has dramatically impacted how much we move as well. Heart attack instances were definitely on the rise in 2021. Young, healthy and fit individuals with no medical history have suffered from heart attacks last year, with some cases even leading to deaths. The pandemic has changed the dynamics of health in the form of physical, mental, social and emotional well-being on the whole.
Lifestyles have changed, with the work from home regime in place, people’s body postures, eating habits and routines changed. With excessive stress, a few habits came along like lack of sleep, alcohol intake, smoking, drug abuse, unnecessary and unsafe supplements and slimming. Several studies suggest that during winter, risk of stroke, heart failure, cardiovascular issues, arrhythmia and disorders rises several times.
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PLOS One, an open access scientific journal, in a study in 2015 found more than 31 per cent increase in heart attacks in the coldest months of the year compared with the warmest. Several studies suggest that during extreme cold conditions, the risk of getting a stroke increases by 80 per cent, particularly when temperature dips below 15 degree Celsius. Interactive Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally, taking an estimated 17.9 million lives each year. The annual number of deaths from CVD in India is projected to rise from 2.26 million (1990) to 4.77 million (2020) .These are things we have control over which can help in preventing heart attacks such as exercising, eating nutritious food, avoiding smoking and overconsumption of sugar, managing stress and blood pressure.