Albert Einstein quotes “Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.” Mathematics is the science of structure, order, and relation that has evolved from elemental practices of counting, measuring, and describing the shapes of objects. In India, since ancient times, various scholars have made significant contributions to the field including Aryabhatta, Brahmagupta, Mahavira, Bhaskara II, Srinivasa Ramanujan; etc. Since the 17th century, mathematics has been an indispensable adjunct to the physical sciences and technology, and in more recent times it has assumed a similar role in the quantitative aspects of the life sciences. India celebrates National Mathematics Day on December 22 every year. The day marks the birth anniversary of famous mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh declared the day on Feb 26, 2012 to honor the great man. Ramanujan is known as ‘the man who knew infinity.’ Without getting any formal education in the subject he made important contributions in the field of mathematics. His journey to being a genius began when he sent a letter to the professor where he mentioned 120 mathematical theorems.
He has compiled about 3900 results mainly identities and equations that too which were his novel ideas and without anyone’s assistance some of which are The Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions. History of mathematics begins with the the earliest traces of counting system, like Abacus. The first surviving examples of geometrical and algebraic calculations derive from Babylon and Egypt in about 1750 BC. Eventually with Pythagoras moving to a Greek colony at Crotona, a philosophical sect based on the belief that numbers are the underlying and unchangeable truth of universe was established. Thereafter, in the 3rd century BC, Euclid and Archimedes came up with more theorems and principles. Eratosthenes measured the circumference of earth in 220 BC. In the 2nd century AD, Greeks revived the tradition of Babylonian algebra and this history is still incomplete till now. To sum it up today’s day is celebrated with the main objective of raising awareness among people about the importance of mathematics for the development of humanity. On this day, training is also provided to the teachers and students through camps.