By: Fahmeeda Sheikh
ashmir is a region located in the Indian Himalayan region with astonishing natural soul-healing beauty, unparalleled culture, and affluent hospitality. This region is quite different from other states of the country. Kashmir has its novel social customs, dieting habits that are not found in even other areas of the same erstwhile state. The natives here significantly eat the white rice which they often planted in their agricultural fields. In addition to this, the erstwhile state also imports an immense volume of rice mainly from the states of Punjab and Haryana. The salt tea is taken in two times first in the early morning and second late afternoon.
The idea of breakfast is not much prevalent among the natives of valley people. The people here frequently drink salt tea with some Bakery made by the traditional Kandoor. Nowadays the practice of Lipton tea has also entered the houses of the valley it was not their original hobbit but it became the part since some years back. The natives took Lipton tea near 10; 30 in the morning it may vary with different areas. Kashmiri uses a lot of fatty substances like the unusual quantity of oils chilly in their day-to-day cooking people here mostly like the species made cooking. The people who take use little oil and species in their daily food are seen with inferiority. Due to the wrong food habits, lack of proper nutrition and the negative impact have germinated number of new diseases since past some years. Various studies reported the high prevalence of diseases associated with the erratic lifestyle. The diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension, Chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, all types of diseases have been reported by the different studies conducted by the Sheri Kashmir institute of medical science Soura and the Government Medical College Srinagar from time to time.
A study was done by the Medical college Srinagar titled Prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the adult population of Srinagar reported that 1 out of 10 adults above age 20 is diabetic (Greater Kashmir May 18, 2018). The second study was conducted by the Sheri- Kashmir Institute of Medical science Soura in 2002; the target group of the study was the age group above 40 years. The study reported 8 percent of the people of the age group above 40 were suffering from chronic conditions. In addition to this, the Doctor Association of Kashmir acknowledges in 2017 that half of the Kashmiri population may be suffering from hypertension. Masoodi et al. (2016) conducted a study on
Prevalence, and determents of Hypertension in Kashmir in the district of Budagam revealed that 34.1 percent are suffering from hypertension in the studied population of district Budagam.
Another study Prevalence of hypertension and its association with Waist circumference in an Adult population of Block Hazratbal Srinagar by Rouf Abdul et al. (2018) found that females have a high prevalence of hypertension than males. In our experiences of the valley in every household near about one member of the family are suffering in hypertension, diabetes, Gastro problems, kidney problem these diseases are commonly seen among the denizens of the valley. The recent rise of heart attacks among the young Kashmir is also showing that the situation is going worse.
The natives here are not well cognizant of the nutritional and dietary aspects that how good nutrition could play a crucial role in preventing the diseases from going to a danger zone. The lifestyle of the Kashmiri is such that these lifestyle diseases are easily germinated in them. People are not knowledgeable of the significance of nutritional management how to eat? What to eat? People here significantly neglecting these important things that are requisite to tackle these diseases yielded by the lifestyle. The locals are well known what are the foods that are rich in fiber and antioxidants that are good for the health. Fat substitutes are very valuable for those who want to consume little fat substitutes. The political situation of the valley is such that several times the announcement of curfew results in the natives remained indoors. Staying indoors for days or months without any workout plays a role in obesity. Later on, this obesity and weight gain become the cause of numerous diseases. In this regard, nutrition management has a lot of importance. The dietary standards have been computed by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR, 2010). These recommendations have been published as & Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians.
These recommendations are as references to how much one takes for the health fitness of the body. The Nutrient requirements are classified as the nutrients required for people associated with sedentary, moderate, and heavy works. Likewise, the nutrients required are computed for pregnant women, infants children, boys, and girls. The society of Kashmir is extremely careless about nutrient management; the requirement of the hour the people has to change their behavior to overcome the diseases that are caused by the imbalanced nutrition or scarcity of proper nutrition. The government should introduce the subject at the middle level in the schools. Second, the Agwanwadi centers play an important role in educating the local people regarding the importance of nutrition in their jurisdiction. These centers can organize seminars to educate the people.
Author can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org